Six Sigma Methodology - DMAIC & IDOV

Six Sigma is a process oriented methodology designed to improve business performance by improving specific areas of strategic business processes. There are 2 different methodologies available for carrying out improvements in processes or operations.

Improvements can be of two types: improving the existing process or designing a new process altogether. When we have an existing process and we want to improve the process we deploy the DMAIC methodology. While designing a new process or completely revamping the existing process the Design for Six Sigma or IDOV methodology is deployed.

 

DMAIC v/s DFSS

DMAIC

DFSS

Structured and iterative process improvement methodology

Rigorous approach to designing processes that will exceed customer expectations

Focus on defect reduction

Focus on defect prevention

 

 

DMAIC Methodology

Define

Define the problem.
Define the customer(s) and the requirements.
Define the current capability.
Define the key processes that will have the greatest impact on customer.

Measure

Identify the statistical measures to monitor the key process.
Set up the data collection plan.
Measure the process

Analyse

Determine the analysis tools and methods to be used.
Summarize the data measured.
Run the analysis and determine the root causes, effects, etc.

Improve

Improve and Implement.
Focus on developing process/technology to improve the root cause.
Test the method on sample process and validate the improvement.

Control

Standardize and document the process and implement the plan.
Monitor the process and feedback the results back to the process for continuous improvement.

DFSS (IDOV) Methodology

Identify

Develop a team.
Create team charter.
Gather VOC.
Perform competitive analysis.
Develop CTQs and formally tie design to VOC.

Design

Identify functional requirements.
Develop alternative concepts.
Evaluate alternatives and select a best-fit concept.
Deploy CTQs and predict sigma capability.

Optimize

Determine process capability.
Develop detailed design elements.
Predict performance.
Optimize design.

Verify

Test and validate the design.
Share feedback with manufacturing and sourcing to improve future manufacturing and designs.